grammar

Grammar Notes

10:33 AMZannnie


NOUN

a person, place, or thing. 
Can be the subject or object of a sentence. 
Example: dog, frog, brother, Hungary, Rome


PRONOUN

a word that replaces or stands for 
("pro" = for) a noun. 
Example: he, she, it

VERB

an action word. 
Example: sit, walk, drink, cook, make, laugh, run



ADJECTIVE

a word that describes or modifies a noun. 
Answers the questions "how many," "what kind," etc. 
Example: kind, happy, blue, beautiful, dangerous



ADVERB

a word that describes or modifies a verb. 
Example: slowly, carefully, quickly, wisely. 

Also sometimes modifies an adjective. 
("She was very tall." 'Very' is an adverb modifying 'tall,' which in turn is an adjective modifying 'she'.) 

Adverbs usually, but not always, end in "-ly". 
(*Not every word ending in "ly" is an adverb: "friendly," for example, is an adjective.)



PREPOSITION

Literally "pre-position"
a word that indicates the relationship of a noun (or noun phrase) to another word. 
Examples of prepositions are to, at, with, for, against, across. 

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